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Small Finance Bank – Jan 2022

Small Finance Bank Details

Last Updated 20th Jan 2022

Implemented on September 16, 2015
Approved By Reserve Bank of India
Minimum Capital Requirement ₹ 100 Cr
  • Deposits- Fixed and Recurring Deposits
  • Loans- Home Loans, Personal Loans, and Auto Loans
  • Insurance
  • Pension
  • Savings and Current Account
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Top Small Finance Banks in India

Small Finance Bank FD Interest Rates RD Interest Rates
AU Small Finance Bank 3.50% - 6.75% 4.00% - 6.50%
Ujjivan Small Finance Bank 2.90% - 7.35% 4.75% - 7.00%
Equitas Small Finance Bank 3.50% - 6.50% 6.25% - 7.00%
Jana Small Finance Bank 2.50% - 7.25% 5.50% - 7.25%
ESAF Small Finance Bank 4.00% - 6.75% 5.00% - 6.50%

What are Small Finance Banks?

Small Finance Banks are financial institutions that intend to fund the financial needs of the underprivileged sections through basic banking activities of lending and deposits. These include small business units set in rural areas, small and marginalized farmers, unorganized entities, and micro and small industries. The small finance banks were set to reach out to the unbanked population in the remote and unprivileged areas.

Small Finance Banks (SFBs) was made public in India on September 16, 2015, after the Reserve Bank of India approved to set up small financial institutions, called small finance banks, as per the Union Budget of 2014-2015.

Features of Small Banks

  • It is mandatory for Small Finance Banks to set up at least 25 percent of its branches in the unbanked remote and rural areas.
  • The SFBs require a minimum capital requirement of ₹ 100 Cr.
  • The Small Finance Banks are subjected to follow the rules and regulations set by the RBI. These rules include maintenance of the CRR or cash reserve ratio, and STR or statutory liquidity ratio.
  • The Small Finance Banks can even take up activities like distribution of mutual funds, insurance products, and pension products, but only after approval from RBI.
  • Also, SFBs can engage in foreign exchange business as per their customer’s needs.

Products offered by Small Finance Banks

All Small Finance Banks deal with basic lending and deposit activities, like loans and deposits. However, what makes these products stand out is that SFBs are required to focus their products more towards the priority sector, which includes facilitating funds to poor people for housing, lending for agriculture and allied activities, funding to micro and small industries, and weaker sections of the society. These directives are regulated by the RBI, that allows Small Finance Banks to deal with the following products:

  • Deposits- All Small Finance Banks provide Fixed and Recurring Deposits. Interest rates charged by these banks on Fixed Deposit and Recurring Deposit is comparatively higher than that of regular banks. Thus, a Fixed Deposit by Small Finance Bank can earn you more revenue.
  • Loans- All Small Finance Banks deal with retail loan products like Personal, Housing, and Auto loans. These Banks are required to extend 75% of their Adjusted Net profit for the priority sector. In addition to that, 50% of the loans lent must be up to ₹ 25 Lakh.
  • Other Products- Small Finance Banks deal in other products as well such as Distribution of Mutual Funds, Pension Products, Insurance Products, Foreign Exchange, Debit Cards, Savings and Current Account Deposits

How are Small Finance Banks different from Commercial Banks?

Small Finance Banks perform various tasks like commercial banks, such as lending, allowing deposits, and they even engage in non-risk-sharing financial activities like mutual funds and insurance. Yet, they are different from the other commercial banks. Some Basic differences are listed as follows:

Difference between Small Finance Banks and Commercial Banks

Small Finance BanksCommercial Banks
The main objective of Small Finance Banks is to promote and provide banking sectors for the underbanked and underprivileged sections of the society, like poor and working-class people, or small farmers and laborers.Commercial Banks, on the other hand, provide banking services to all sections of society.
The Small Finance Banks are provisioned to extend 75% of its Adjusted Net Bank Credit to the priority sector.Commercial Banks are expected to extend 40% of their Adjusted Net Bank Credit towards the priority sector.
These Banks are set on a small scale and cater to the needs of small sections of the society, by allowing a small amount of borrowings.These Banks are instead, set on a large scale, and provide larger loan amounts to all sections of the society based on eligibility factors.
Small Finance Banks get the Differentiated Banks license by the Reserve Bank of India, which ensures that the Bank is set to serve a particular segment of the population.Commercial Banks are granted the Universal Banks license by the Reserve Bank of India, which means all banking services are set under one roof to serve all sections of the society.
These Banks require a minimum capital of ₹ 100 Cr.These Banks require a minimum capital of ₹ 500 Cr.
Examples of Small Finance Banks: Ujjivan Small Finance Bank, Jana Small Finance Bank, etc.Examples of Commercial Bank: All Public and Private sector Banks, like SBI, PNB, Axis Bank, ICICI Bank, and HDFC Bank, etc.


Does Small Finance Bank provide credit and debit cards?

Small Finance Banks allow current and savings account facilities to their customers. Thus, they can issue debit cards. However, as per RBI’s directive, these banks are not allowed to issue credit cards.

Are Small Finance Banks approved by RBI?

All Small Finance Banks in India, are approved by the Reserve Bank of India under the Banking regulations Act of 1949. These Banks are accustomed to following the rules and patterns set by the RBI, similar to all other banks.

Is it safe to open an FD in a Small Finance Bank?

Unlike commercial banks, small finance banks also provide fixed deposits. Also, since these banks are newly established, they usually offer higher interest rates on FD than other commercial banks in order to attract more customers. Also, these FDs are equally safe and sound.

Can I take a loan from a Small Finance Bank?

Small Finance Banks do offer loans like commercial Banks, such as personal loans, housing loans, consumer loans, and auto loans.

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Our News - Jan 2022
  • 2022-01-14 : Equitas Small Finance Bank Profit Grows by 13% in Gross Loan Portfolio
    Equitas Small Finance Bank has seen a 13 per cent year-on-year rise in gross loan portfolio to Rs 19,642 crore. The growth is in line with the recovery in economic activities in the informal sector.
  • 2021-12-17 : AU Small Finance Bank and Pine Labs Enters into Partnership
    Pine Labs, a merchant commerce platform, has partnered with AU Small Finance Bank to allow credit cardholders to avail of equated monthly instalments offers at the point of sale. As a result, the customers will be able to convert their regular purchase into interest-free EMIs.
  • 2021-12-17 : ESAF Small Finance Bank Revises MCLR
    ESAF Small Finance Bank has revised the Marginal Cost of Lending Rates for different tenures. As a result, the Overnight MCLR is 11.97%, One Month MCLR is 12.07%. The MCLR for three months, six months, and one year is 12.21%, 12.52% and 12.83%, respectively.
  • 2021-12-14 : Equitas Small Finance Bank Partners with Cholamandalam MS General Insurance
    Equitas Small Finance Bank has joined hands with Cholamandalam MS General Insurance to launch the Chola Sarva Shakti Policy. It is a women-specific health insurance policy to empower Indian women with good health and finances.
  • 2021-11-29 : ESAF Small Finance Bank Gets Sebi Nod
    ESAF Small Finance Bank has received the nod from SEBI for IPO. The finance bank can raise equity shares worth Rs 800 crore and sell Rs 197.78 crore by existing selling shareholders.
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