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NREGA

NREGA/MGNREGA Yojana

Last Updated 27th Nov 2020

  • NREGA provides at least 100 days of employment to rural households who have voluntarily agreed to do unskilled work every year.
  • Any Indian citizen above the age of 18 years and residing in a rural area can apply for the NREGA scheme.
  • NREGA job card empowers you to apply for work transparently and protects from any fraud.
  • To apply for the NREGA job card, you need to submit the application form to the Goan office along with required documents.
  • The payment is made by directly transferring the wages into the bank/post office account of the applicants.

What is MGNREGA or NREGA?

NREGA or National Rural Employment Guarantee Act was enacted in the year 2005 to provide at least 100 days of employment to rural households who have voluntarily agreed to do unskilled work every year. The act which was later changed to MGNREGA or Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act that promises to provide labour to the unutilised or under-utilised rural workforce of the country for the development of various long term fixed assets such as wells, ponds, roads and canals in rural India and provide employment, livelihood and sustenance.

NREGA Scheme Eligibility

NREGA, which was introduced as one of the social laws that acknowledge the 'Right to work' provides a legal guarantee for wage employment. To get the benefits of this yojana, the applicants must fulfil the following eligibility criteria:

  • Any Indian citizen above the age of 18 years who resides in rural India can apply for the NREGA scheme.
  • The applicant should have volunteered to do unskilled work.

What is an NREGA Job Card?

NREGA JC or NREGA job card is a key document that records worker entitlements under the NREGA scheme. It contains various details about the applicant such as name, NREGA registration number and other information of applicants in the household, etc. Also, it legally empowers the rural families for guaranteed work schemes under NREGA in a transparent manner, protecting them from all types of frauds.

How to Apply for an MGNREGA Job Card?

An MGNREGA job card is issued within 15 days of process of applying and involves the following steps:

Registration Process under MGNREGA

To apply for MGNREGA job card, the applicant needs to download the Performa for Job Card under MGNREGA from the respective state website and submit the duly filled application form to the Goan office or any other equivalent office of their respective area. Alternatively, they can also get the NREGA job card form from the local panchayat, or else the application can be made on a plain paper by submitting the following details:

  • Photograph of applicant
  • Name, Age and Gender
  • Name of Village
  • Name of Gram Panchayat
  • Name of Block
  • Details of whether the applicant(s) is/are beneficiaries of SC/ST/IAY/LR
  • Specimen Signature/Thumb impression of applicants

Verification of the application under NREGA

Once the applicant has submitted the application form, the Gram Panchayat verify the Form based on the following factors:

  • The applicants who have applied should be adults.
  • All the applicants should have a local domicile.
  • If a woman is single and living alone, she can also apply under the NREGA yojana.

Issue of Job Card under NREGA

After successful verification of the application, the job card is issued to the applicants. In case more than one member of the family has applied under the NREGA, a job card is issued to every member within 15 days of applying for the employment scheme.

NREGA Job Card Details and Features

Below-mentioned is the key features of NREGA job cards under the MGNREGA yojana.

  • NREGA job card is a primary identification card that acts as proof that the person is registered under the scheme and includes the following details about the applicants:
    • Personal information of all MGNREGA applicants in a single household including name, age, gender, father's name, address, bank account number/Post Office Bank Account number.
    • Photograph of NREGA card holder.
    • Details about employment record including the dates of employment.
  • In case the applicant is not employed within 15 days of submitting the application form, unemployment allowance is provided to them, and a job card also mentions details about the same.
  • To provide maximum benefits of employment to a large number of people, the registration under the MGNREGA scheme is provided throughout the year. The registration is valid for 5 years and can be renewed as and when required.
  • Under the MGNREGA scheme, the applicants are entitled to receive work within 5 Km radius of their home. In case they are provided work outside 5 KM, they can demand travel allowance or 10% of the extra wages for travel.

Payment Process of NREGA

The NREGA job card of the applicants contains details about the number of days they have worked and the fixed wages per day. The same can thus be used for calculating the total wages for a specified period.

Under the NREGA scheme, the payment is made by the employer by directly transferring the wages into the bank/post office account of the applicants. If the applicants do not have any accounts in the bank or post office, the same can be opened by submitting NREGA job card as KYC document. The applicants may also open zero balance accounts.

In exceptional circumstances, the payment can, however, be made through cash with prior knowledge and approval from the Ministry and State Governments, respectively.

Benefits of NREGA

MGNREGA or NREGA is one the significant development scheme to provide guaranteed employment to a broad base of the people and provide the following benefits:

  • It aims to provide greater social inclusion for those residing in rural India.
  • It promotes the development of infrastructure of rural areas by better utilisation of natural resources.
  • The MGNREGA scheme also enhances the power of gram panchayats by giving the responsibility of providing paid guaranteed employment in rural areas.
  • Finally, the employment scheme utilises the under-utilised and unutilised labour resources of rural India.

FAQs

When did NREGA convert to MGNREGA?

NREGA or National Rural Employment Guarantee Act was changed to MGNREGA on 2nd October 2009 with the passing of amendment in the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005.

What is a job card in India?

Job Card or MGNREGA JC is a primary identification document that the person has applied for the guarantee work under the NREGA yojana and is thus entitled to receive paid work and other benefits within 15 days of applying for the same.

Is MGNREGA only for BPL?

No, MGNREGA yojana is for every member of a household of rural India who is above the age of 18 years and has volunteered to do manual work.

How can I check my card details?

You can check card details about the account, fixed wages and the number of days you have worked on the MGNREGA job card.

How do I check my NREGA bill?

The NREGA job card of the applicants contains details about the number of days they have worked and the fixed wages per day. The same can thus be used for calculating the total wages for a specified period.

Is NREGA and MGNREGA the same?

Yes, NREGA was named as MGNREGA after passing an amendment in nomenclature of National Rural Guarantee Act, 2005.

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