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How is Loan Against Property Eligibility Calculated?

Last Updated 22nd Oct 2016

The loan amount that you can borrow against your property is calculated based on four factors:
  • Market value of property – the approximate worth of the property that you are giving as security subject to eligibility criteria as described below. You may be eligible for a maximum of 75% of the value of the property.
  • EMI that you can pay - the amount of money that you can pay every month towards loan repayment after meeting other expenses and paying your other EMI’s.
  • Loan tenure - longer the loan tenure, higher the eligibility. Property loan tenure in India ranges from 5 years to 18 years.
  • Interest rate - higher the rate of interest, lower the loan you will be eligible for.
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Loan Against Property Eligibility Criteria, FAQ's and Facts

What types of property can be accepted as security for getting loan against property?

  • Residential property and commercial property are the most eligible securities for loan against property.
  • Some banks also lend against industrial property in some areas.
  • Banks can lend against self occupied property, rented out property and even vacant property. However, interest rates on loan against vacant property may be higher than those on self occupied property.
  • Most banks would insist upon a clear and marketable title with full property chain.
  • Property offered as security must be located within municipal limits and must have been constructed as per the approved map plan.
  • No other bank or individual should have any claim on the property.

What types of property are not eligible as security for loan against property?

  • Banks do not give loans against agricultural land. Only crop loans can be availed against agricultural land.
  • Vacant or unused land is not eligible to be offered as a security for availing loan.
  • Buildings and property located in gram panchayat areas, lal dora areas and unauthorized areas are not accepted as security by most banks.
  • Property bought on power of attorney (PoA) cannot be offered as security for loans in most parts of India.
  • Property with broken chain in the title documents is typically not accepted.
  • Very small properties (less than 600 sq ft in size) are mostly not eligible as security.

How do banks value the property when deciding eligibility for loan against it?

  • An independent valuer appointed by the bank would visit the property, take its measurements and check whether the construction is as per the approved map plan or not.
  • The valuers would base the value on current prevalent property prices in the locality, area of the property in square meters or square feet, age of the property and its condition.
  • Note that the value is not related to the circle rate or ready reckoner rates as these may not always be in line with the market rates.
  • For higher ticket size loans (Rs. 1 cr and above), banks may get valuation reports from two independent valuers and take an average of the two to arrive at value for the purpose of calculating maximum loan eligibility based on LTV.

Why does loan against property eligibility depend upon income?

  • Loan servicing capability refers to the EMI you are capable of paying after meeting living expenses based on your standard of living.
  • The maximum EMI is limited to the surplus available after meeting essential and lifestyle expenses like those on food, travel, entertainment, family, clothing, medical treatment and similar such expenses.
  • For the purpose of determining loan eligibility, most banks consider maximum EMI paying capacity as 60% to 70% of the net monthly income after taxes and deductions.

How does eligibility calculator calculate eligibility in case of businessmen?

  • Income of business concerns such as companies, partnerships and proprietorships is taken as eligible income. We can also add non cash expenses such as depreciation to arrive at eligible income and increase loan amount eligibility.
  • To be eligible, the business must be registered and at least three years of income tax returns must be available.
  • It is possible to add income from other sources like rent and interest to help increase eligibility.

are the various types of income that can be added to calculate loan against property eligibility?

  • Any regular income that is supported by documents is eligible to be considered for the purpose of determining eligibility using the loan against property calculator.
  • Examples include income from salary, business, profession, interest, teaching, royalty, rent and fees. In some cases bonuses and sales incentives may also be added to income. However, reimbursements, income from shares, capital gains and undocumented income cannot be considered.
  • The income must be supported by income tax return and Form16 or Form 16A.

Loan Against Property Eligibility Documents

Property Documents Required for Loan Against Property
Salaried Self Employed
Registered Sale Deed/ Conveyance/ Lease Deed
Past Sale Deeds Chain (each transaction in respect of this property since first allotment)
Latest House Tax Return/ Receipt
Approved Building Plan from Municipal Corporation Case To Case

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Loan Against Property Eligibility Calculator News - Oct 2016
06th Oct 16 Loan Against property to see more stress in future: India Ratings
Loan against property may get badly effected in the next four quarters. The signs of Loan against property portfolio of NBFCs may turn bad in future and it may rise to 5 per cent according to rating firms India Ratings and Research (Ind-Ra). The reason defined here is the combination of the stagnant property prices in the large and metro cities which are the primary markets for large and medium ticket LAP and squeeze of refinancing due to risk aversion building up in some financers.
02nd Jun 16 Fullerton India launches 500th branch in the country
Fullerton India today announced the launch of its 500th branch. The new branch will be located in Dewas, Madhya Pradesh and will serve customers through an array of rural financing products that include Livelihood Advancement Loans for Women Groups, Mortgage Loans, Personal Loans, Two wheeler Loans and Enterprise Loans. The launch of Fullerton India 500th branch reinstates the company strategy to strengthen its footprint across the length and breadth of the country. With the addition of this new branch, the total number of rural branches of the company reaches 276.
12th May 16 PNB Loan Against Property Rate Cut
PNB Housing Finance has reduced interest rates on PNB Loan against property effective May 9th 2016. PNB will now offer property loans at floating rate of 11.25% onwards. Fixed rate options from PNB are now available at 11.15% onwards for 3, 5 or 10 years fixed period.
18th Jan 16 ICICI Bank mortgage portfolio crosses Rs 1 lakh crore
ICICI Bank crossed milestone of disbursing mortgage loans of over Rs 1 lakh crore and launched two new digital initiatives to simplify and quicken the assessment for new home loans
15th Dec 15 Lenders report significant jump in loans against property
Many banks or NBFC such as Bank of India, Axis Bank and IndusInd have logged double to triple digit yoy growth in percentage terms in their LAP portfolio