RERA Act- Real Estate Regulatory Authority

Home Buyers as Financial Creditors

Implications of Real Estate Regulatory Act and Authority on buyers, builders, agents

  • Each state to set up Real Estate Regulatory Authority to regulate real estate development
  • Provisions applicable to both residential and commercial properties
  • Standardization of norms to protect interests of buyers and developers
  • Expected to bring in transparency and accountability in real estate sector
  • Aims to minimize rampant project delays and mis-selling

RERA stands for Real Estate Regulatory Authority

RERA is an act for regulation and promotion of the real estate sector to ensure the sale of apartment, plot or building in an efficient and transparent manner. The Act aims to protect the interest of consumers. It was enacted by the Parliament in May 2016 and the Act has come into force with all its 92 sections from 1st May, 2017 across India. So far, 14 states and union territories such as Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra have notified their rules with RERA and the others are expected to follow suit.

The implementation of RERA is expected to bring relief to the homebuyers as builders will be accountable for the timely delivery of the projects and to protect buyers from fraud sellers. The developers would also gain from the increased confidence of the consumers in a regulated environment.

It is mandatory for the developers to get all approvals from various government agencies before launching a project and disclose all the information on the website that the respective state RERA regulatory authority will set up.

Real estate agents will be provided a registration number by the regulator which they have to mention in every property sale. This will help in eliminating the possibility of misleading the purchaser. The authority has wide ranging powers to impose penalties and imprisonment of agents in case of violation of law.

Benefits of RERA for homebuyers

  • Builders have to disclose every detail of the project on the website of authority and update these on a regular basis
  • The buyer will have to pay only on the basis of carpet area (area within walls). The builder cannot charge them for the super built-up area (lift, balcony, stairs and lobby)
  • Timely completion of projects as 70% of the money collected from the customer has to be transferred in a separate bank account and can be used only for the purpose of completing the construction of the project
  • Any delay in completion of the project will require the developer to pay an interest rate of 2% above SBI’s Marginal cost of leading rate to the buyer for delayed period
  • Any defect in the building will be the responsibility of builder for a period of 5 years
  • Any disputes with the buyers need to be resolved within 120 days

Key Provisions of RERA

  • RERA will be followed in every state of India and this regulation applies to both residential and commercial properties.
  • The sale of property will be based on carpet area and not on super built-up area.
  • Builders are required to deposit 70% of the funds collected from buyers in a separate bank account for the construction of the project
  • Developers have to disclose the project details (financial statements, legal title deed and others) on the website and update it on quarterly basis related to the construction progress
  • Projects with plot size of minimum 500 sq. mt or 8 apartments need to be registered with the RERA Authority
  • Builders require to submit the original approved plans for their project and the alterations made to RERA
  • Developers and buyers both have to pay the same interest rate of 2% above SBI’s MCLR in case of any delay
  • Imprisonment of up to 3 years for the developers and up to 1 year for agents and buyers for violation of law
  • Any structural or workmanship defects in the building during the period of 5 years must be rectified within 30 days by the promoter without any further charges. If he fails to do so, the buyer is entitled to receive the compensation under RERA
  • Developers cannot demand for more than 10% of the property cost as an advanced payment booking amount before signing a registered sale agreement
  • Developers are not allowed to advertise, sell, offer, market or book any plot or apartment without registering to the authority
  • The buyer can contact the developer in writing within 1 year of taking possession to demand for the shortcomings in the project.

Registration of projects under RERA

All commercial and residential real estate projects will have to register except in projects where:

  • The promoter has received completion certificate of the project prior to commencement of Act
  • The area of land proposed to be developed does not exceed 500 sq. mt
  • The number of apartments is not more than 8
  • Any repair or renovation of an existing building or structure that does not require marketing, advertising and selling of any apartment or plot

Documents required for registration under RERA

Following documents should be enclosed in hardcopy with the application:

  • PAN Card of the builder
  • ITR of last 3 years and the balance sheet of the builder
  • Builder must clarify about the apartment (carpet area, number of floors, parking space)
  • Declaration by the builder of having legal title of the land with proof
  • Details of the land (rights, title, mortgage)
  • If the builder is not the owner of the land, the consent letter of the actual owner with documents will be required
  • Details of the project (location, sanctioned plan, layout plan)
  • Ownership documents (proforma of allotment letter, agreement of sale)
  • Information of the persons involved (Architects, Engineers and others)

Registration process for Real Estate Agents

  • Fill an application form along with fee and documents to get registered with RERA
  • You will receive a registration number from the regulator. This need to be mentioned in every property sale
  • On a quarterly basis, you are required to maintain the books of account, records and documents related to the transactions
  • Share all the information and documents about the project with the buyer
  • Agent may be suspended for the misrepresentation or fraud during the registration process

Filling of complaints under RERA

  • Any aggrieved person may file a complaint with RERA for any violation of the provisions of the Act.
  • In case the person is not satisfied with the decision made by RERA or its officer, he may file an appeal before the RERA Appellate Tribunal within a period of 60 days
  • From the date of decision made by Appellate Tribunal, person can file appeal to High Court within 60 days

Penalties and Punishments under RERA

On Promoters
Offence Penalties
Non registration of a project 10% of the estimated cost of real estate project
Violation of law Imprisonment for up to 3 years with or without fine for 10% of the estimated cost of project
Providing false information 5% of the estimated cost of project
Other contraventions 5% of the estimated cost of project
On Agents
Offence Penalties
Non registration of a project Rs. 10,000 per day of default which may extend up to 5% of the cost of property
Failure to comply with Authority Penalty on a daily basis which may extend up to 5% of the estimated cost of plot
Failure to comply with Tribunal Imprisonment for up to 1 year with or without fine of 10% of the estimated cost of the project
On Homebuyers
Offence Penalties
Failure to comply with Authority Penalty on a daily basis which may extend up to 5% of the estimated cost of apartment
Failure to comply with Tribunal Imprisonment for up to 1 year with or without fine of 10% of the estimated cost of the apartment
List of states and status of RERA notification and authority
State Rules Notified (Y/N) Contact details of grievance cell
Andhra Pradesh Y -
Arunachal Pradesh N -
Assam N -
Bihar Y -
Chhattisgarh N -
Goa N -
Gujarat Y -
Haryana N -
Himachal Pradesh N -
Jharkhand N -
Karnataka N -
Kerala N -
Madhya Pradesh Y -
Maharashtra Y +91-22-26590036
Manipur N -
Meghalaya N -
Mizoram N -
Nagaland N -
Odisha Y -
Punjab N -
Rajasthan Y -
Sikkim N -
Tamil Nadu N -
Telangana N -
Tripura N -
Uttarakhand N -
Uttar Pradesh Y -
West Bengal N -
Andaman and Nicobar Island Y -
Chandigarh Y -
Dadra and Nagar Haveli Y -
Daman and Diu Y -
Delhi Y -
Lakshadweep Y -
Pondicherry Y -

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