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GST Registration

GST Registration Process

Last Updated 31st Oct 2020

  • GST registration is mandatory for certain businesses with annual turnover above Rs. 40 Lakhs.
  • GST registration can be done online at Nil charges.
  • There is a 10% penalty on tax due if you don’t register for GST.
  • Small businessmen can enjoy benefits by voluntary GST registration.
  • GSTIN is a unique GST Identification Number assigned to the businesses registered under GST.

What is GST Registration?

To register as a normal taxable person, the process of GST registration is mandatory for businessmen whose turnover exceeds Rs. 40 Lakhs. This process is known as GST registration. For North Eastern and hill states, the mandatory turnover limit for businessmen is Rs. 10 Lakhs. The process of GST registration usually takes 2-6 working days.

GST Registration Online

With the GST bill approved by the President and the GST council busy finalizing the rules and regulations, all existing businesses registered under central excise, service tax or VAT need to register under GST using an online registration process.

GST Registration Procedure for Existing Central Excise, Service Tax Assessees

All existing central excise and service tax assessees are being migrated to GST. An existing assessee would be provided a Provisional ID and Password by CBEC online on logging into their existing ACES login for excise or service tax. Provisional IDs are being issued to only those assessees who have a valid income tax PAN associated with their excise or service tax registration.
In some cases, an assessee may not be provided a provisional ID. Possible reasons for this include:

  • PAN associated with the registration not being valid
  • The PAN being registered with state tax authority and provisional ID having been provided by the said state tax authority (e.g. state VAT department).
  • There being multiple central excise or service tax registrations on the same PAN in a state. In such a case only one provisional ID would be issued for the 1st registration

The assessees need to use this Provisional ID and Password to login to the GST Common Portal where they would be required to fill and submit the Form 20 along with necessary supporting documents.

Who should register for GST?

While it is mandatory for businessmen whose turnover exceeds Rs. 40 Lakhs to register for GST, registration should also be done by the following entities:

  • Any individual who has registered under the Pre-GST law of Exercise, VAT or Service Tax.
  • Individuals who are paying taxes under the reverse charge mechanism. Reverse charge is a mechanism where recipients of goods/services have to pay the GST.
  • If any individual is supplying online information to anyone, who is a non-taxable person in India.
  • Agents of supplier and input supply distributor.
  • Individuals who are supplying inputs through e-commerce aggregators.

GST Registration Process in India

Following steps are to be followed for migrating to GST:

Step 1: Login to ACES portal using existing ACES user ID and password
Step 2: Either follow the link to obtain the provisional ID and password or navigate using the Menu
Step 3: Make a note of the provisional ID and password that is provided.

In case of any doubt contact the CBEC Helpdesk at either 1800-1200-232 or email at

Once you have obtained the Provisional ID and Password, logon to the GST Common Portal ( using this ID and Password. The GST Common Portal has made available a manual on how to fill the Form-20. It is available on

GST Registration Process for New Business

Step 1: First login to the online GST portal (
Step 2: Fill part –A of registration form 1
Step 3: You will receive an application reference number on your mobile and via e-mail
Step 4: Now, fill the second part of the form and upload the needed documents according to the business type
Step 5: Obtain a certificate of registration from the GST portal. In case of any query you have, you may have to visit the concerned department
Step 7: Submit the required documents within seven working days along with GST REG-04
Step 8: Watch out for error notification by email. In case of any errors, your application may get rejected and you will be notified about the same in form GST REG-05 of GST registration

Documents Required for GST Registration

Here is the list of documents required to register for GST:

  • PAN card of the company/ business entity
  • Proof of constitution like Articles of association, Memorandum of Association, Certificate of Incorporation, Partnership Deed etc
  • Proof of place of business like Electricity bill
  • Cancelled cheque of your bank account showing all the details of the account holder

Who is required to register for GST?

Check whether you are eligible or not to register yourself under GST process. The following are liable to register under the GST process:

  • Any person or entity person who is supplying, producing or trading in goods or providing services worth for more than Rs. 25 Lakhs in a financial year
  • Any person or entity that is required to deduct TDS (tax deducted at source) under GST Act.
  • Non-resident taxable person – that is persons registered outside India but liable to pay tax in India due to business operations being based in India

Penalty for not registering under GST

If the individual does not register for GST, they have to pay a penalty of 10% on the tax due subject to the amount of Rs. 10,000. However, in the case of evading taxes deliberately, the individual is liable to a penalty of 100% on the tax due.

GST Registration Fees

The government does not charge any GST registration fees if you register for GST online through the government portal.


How do I register for a GST number?

Once you register for GST, the government will provide you with a 15 digit GST number, which is a unique identification for every businessman.

What is the GST registration fee?

There are no GST registration fees charged by the government; however, if you seek professional help from any CA, you have to pay their fees.

Who needs to register for GST in India?

In India, it is mandatory for businessmen whose turnover exceeds '.custom_money_format(4000000,'1').' to register for GST.

Do I have to register for GST?

There are certain benefits if you register for GST, however, if your turnover does not exceed '.custom_money_format(4000000,'1').', you can opt not to register for GST.

What happens if I don't register for GST?

If your turnover exceeds the permissible limits, you have to pay the penalty if you don’t register for GST.

Our News - Oct 2020
  • 2020-10-01 : GST collections for Sept may cross Rs 95,000 cr
    The goods and services tax (GST) collections for September are likely to cross Rs 95,000 crore for the first time this fiscal year. The finance ministry has estimated that there will be a gap of Rs 2.35 trillion between the compensation cess collections and compensation requirement of states in the current fiscal year.
  • 2020-09-02 : GST collection hits 88% of August 2019 collections
    GST mop up in August reached 88% of the collection in August 2019. At ₹86,500 crore, it was a tad lower than the ₹87,422 crore mopped up in July. Year-on-year, it was down 12%.
  • 2020-08-31 : SBI reported three ways for bridging States GST revenue shortfall
    State Bank of India proposed three options for states to raise resources to bridge the shortfall in GST revenue from the Centre. This can be done by the Reserve Bank monetising the state governments debts, enlargement of Ways and Means Advances (WMA), or taking recourse to the National Small Savings Fund.
  • 2020-08-28 : Centre proposed 2 borrowing options before States to meet GST compensation shortfall
    Centre proposed 2 borrowing options before States to meet GST compensation shortfall due to COVID 19. The options are RBI will open a special window for the shortfall or facilitate borrowing through the open market.
  • 2020-08-24 : Exemption limit for GST increased to Rs 40 lakh from Rs 20 lakh
    GST Council doubled the limit for exemption the payment of GST on Small business to Rs 40 lakh. Earlier the exemption limit was Rs. 20 lakhs. The hike in the exemption is in lines of the Government efforts to provide impetus to the small business for economic growth.
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