**08th Dec 16 Canara Bank cuts MCLR by 15 basis points**

Last Updated 08th Dec 2016

- In a
**periodic interest payout**option, you would receive a fixed interest at the end of every period (say, a quarter). The interest amount would remain unchanged through the tenure of the FD. Entire principal would be repaid at the end of the period. Life is easy! - But what about a
**cumulative deposit?**You may remember having studied “compound interest” in middle school. Say, you place a deposit of Rs. 10,000/- with Bank A at 10% p.a. for 3 years. Now, how much money would you get at the end of 3 years? - Is it Rs. 10,000 in principal plus 10% interest or Rs. 1000 multiplied by 3? That comes to Rs. 13,000. However, if you use the FD calculator here, the result will be Rs. 13,449. Why does bank pay you this extra Rs. 449? This is the compounded FD interest.
- In simple terms, interest on bank FD’s is typically compounded quarterly. So, a 10% per annum rate of interest means 2.5% per quarter. At the end of first quarter, the bank credits Rs. 250 to your deposit account and in the next quarter, the interest payable is 2.5% on Rs. 10250 and not on Rs. 10000. This process repeats itself for 12 quarters and earns you a total compound interest of Rs. 3449.
- More the compounding frequency, higher the interest a customer earns on FD. So, instead of quarterly compounding, if the above FD was on monthly compounding basis, the interest amount would be Rs. 3482 instead of Rs. 3449 with quarterly compounding.
- In the context of fixed deposits, FD interest compounding refers to earning interest on the interest itself! Slightly complicated but then you make more money this way!

- Interest income from FD’s is taxed at tax rate applicable to the deposit account holder. So, depending upon your tax bracket, out of the 10% that your bank pays on your deposit, you may have to pay upto 33.99% of that to the government for it to run the country. You can always contribute more to the motherland by donating some more.
- One word of caution - interest on deposits is to be taxed on an accrual basis and not a receipt basis. Say, you place a cumulative deposit with a bank for 5 years and hence will receive interest only at the end of five years. Still, you must pay tax on the accrued interest for each of the years in that year itself.

- Banks are required to deduct tax at source (TDS) at the rate of 10.30% on interest paid (accrued) on FD’s when the interest exceed Rs. 10,000/- in a financial year. This is calculated with all branches of the same bank taken together.
- In case of companies, they must deduct TDS at 10.3% on deposits when the interest earned in a year exceed Rs. 5,000/-.

News - Dec 2016

Canara Bank has reduced its overnight and three months marginal cost of lending rate to 8.90 and 9.05 percent from 9.05 and 9.20 percent earlier. The bank has also reduced its six months and one year lending rates by 15 basis points to 9.10 and 9.15 percent from 9.25 and 9.30 percent respectively. Revised rates are effective from 7th December, 2016.

Reserve Bank of India announced its fifth biannual monetary policy on 7th December, 2016. In the latest policy, RBI has left the repo rate unchanged that stands at 6.25 per cent. However, banks were given a liquidity boost with RBI withdrawing the 100 percent incremental cash reserve ratio (CRR) requirement which was imposed in late November post demonetisation.

Bank of India has reduced its one month and six month marginal cost of lending rate by 5 basis points to 9.05 and 9.15 percent respectively. BoB has also reduced its one year MCLR rate to 9.25 percent from 9.30 percent earlier. Revised rates are effective from 7th December, 2016.

Bank of Baroda has reduced its overnight and three months marginal cost of lending rate to 8.80 and 8.95 percent from 9 and 9.15 percent respectively. The bank has also reduced its one and five year lending rates by 20 basis points to 9.05 and 9.25 percent from 9.25 and 9.45 percent earlier. Revised rates are effective from 7th December, 2016.

HDFC Bank has reduced its overnight marginal cost of lending rate by 5 basis points to 8.65 percent from 8.70 percent. The bank has also reduced its one month lending rate to 8.70 percent from 8.75 percent earlier. The new rates are effective from 7th December, 2016.

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