MCLR Rate

MCLR, full form Marginal Cost of Fund based Lending Rate is the internal benchmark rate used by banks to fix the interest rate on floating rate loans. Starting from 1st April 2016, all banks in India are required to benchmark and price their loans to MCLR.

Current MCLR, Base Rate, PLR Trend of All Banks in India Feb 2019

Bank MCLR, Past Trend Current MCLR/ PLR Rate – 20th Feb 2019 Base Rate Latest Update
SBI MCLR Base Rate 8.20% - 8.75% 9.05% 10th Feb 19
HDFC PLR 16.85% - 29th Jan 19
ICICI Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.55% - 8.80% 8.85% 01st Feb 19
Axis Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.50% - 9.05% 9.50% 18th Jan 19
PNB Housing Finance PLR 14.35% - 01st Mar 17
LIC Housing Finance PLR 14.70% - 24th Jan 19
Bank of Baroda MCLR Base Rate 8.35% - 8.75% 9.40% 07th Feb 19
Citibank MCLR Base Rate 8.45% - 8.80% 8.95% 07th Feb 19
Indiabulls PLR 23.00% - 05th Apr 18
HDFC Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.35% - 9.05% 9.15% 07th Feb 19
IndusInd Bank MCLR Base Rate 9.35% - 10.05% 10.55% 17th Feb 19
Kotak Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.35% - 9.05% 9.20% 07th Feb 19
Yes Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.40% - 9.80% 10.25% 01st Feb 19
RBL Bank MCLR Base Rate 9.40% - 10.60% 10.25% 22nd Dec 18
IDFC Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.60% - 9.50% 9.50% 08th Feb 19
DBS Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.75% - 8.85% 8.80% 07th Feb 19
Bajaj Finserv PLR 20.16% - 01st May 14
Dena Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.10% - 8.80% 9.60% 01st Feb 19
Karur Vysya Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.55% - 9.65% 10.10% 07th Dec 18
Bank of Maharashtra MCLR Base Rate 8.20% - 8.75% 9.50% 07th Feb 19
Lakshmi Vilas Bank MCLR Base Rate 9.65% - 9.90% 10.15% 01st Feb 19
Bank of India MCLR Base Rate 8.20% - 8.70% 9.45% 10th Feb 19
LT Housing Finance PLR 17.35% - 01st Jan 70
OBC MCLR Base Rate 8.30% - 8.75% 9.50% 11th Feb 19
PNB MCLR Base Rate 8.15% - 8.75% 9.25% 01st Feb 19
Bandhan Bank MCLR Base Rate 10.20% - 11.02% 12.00% 12th Feb 19
Punjab and Sind Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.30% - 8.90% 9.70% 14th Feb 19
South Indian Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.55% - 9.45% 10.00% 20th Jan 19
Standard Chartered Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.40% - 10.00% 9.35% 07th Feb 19
Syndicate Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.30% - 9.75% 9.50% 10th Feb 19
UCO Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.15% - 8.70% 9.60% 10th Feb 19
Union Bank of India MCLR Base Rate 8.40% - 8.85% 9.10% 01st Feb 19
United Bank of India MCLR Base Rate 8.15% - 8.85% 9.90% 14th Sep 18
Vijaya Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.05% - 9.25% 9.65% 12th Feb 19
Andhra Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.20% - 8.75% 9.55% 15th Feb 19
Jammu And Kashmir Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.10% - 9.50% 9.50% 10th Feb 19
Dhan Laxmi Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.60% - 9.90% 11.35% 01st Jan 19
DHFL PLR 19.07% - 29th Jan 19
Edelweiss PLR 17.50% - 30th Nov 15
Federal Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.75% - 9.20% 9.63% 16th Feb 19
GIC Housing Finance PLR 15.00% - 30th Nov -1
DCB Bank MCLR Base Rate 9.19% - 10.84% 10.64% 03rd Dec 18
HSBC Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.35% - 9.15% 8.90% 06th Feb 19
Corporation Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.10% - 8.95% 9.65% 15th Feb 19
IDBI Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.00% - 9.30% 9.65% 12th Feb 19
Allahabad Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.25% - 9.05% 9.15% 01st Jan 19
IIFL PLR 17.50% - 01st Apr 14
Central Bank of India MCLR Base Rate 8.15% - 8.65% 9.60% 01st Feb 19
Indian Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.20% - 8.75% 9.45% 12th Feb 19
Indian Overseas Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.15% - 9.00% 9.45% 10th Jan 19
Canara Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.30% - 8.70% 9.40% 07th Feb 19
Karnataka Bank MCLR Base Rate 8.50% - 9.10% 10.35% 01st Feb 19
Equitas Small Finance Bank MCLR Base Rate 14.55% - 16.00% - 01st Feb 19
AU Small Finance Bank MCLR Base Rate 10.75% - 12.80% - 07th Jan 19
Ujjivan MCLR Base Rate 15.60% - 16.20% - 20th Dec 18

7th February 2019 – RBI cuts repo rate by 25 bps to 6.25%

Repo rate has been cut by 25 bps by RBI in its sixth bi-monthly monetary policy on 7th February 2019. The rate cut marks a change from the last 18 months policy stance of hardening rates. This should bring in good news for home loan and mortgage loan borrowers, as the banks are expected to reduce their MCLRs which should result in lower interest rates both for new and existing borrowers. The reverse repo rate also stands adjusted to 6%.

What is MCLR?

  • MCLR is lending rate calculated based on cost of raising new funds for the bank which include the cost of maintaining CRR/SLR, operating costs of banks and tenor premium.
  • As MCLR is closely linked to repo rate, it improves the transmission of RBI’s repo rate cut to the end borrower
  • Banks publish MCLR for at least five durations which are overnight MCLR, 1 month MCLR, 3 month MCLR, 6 month MCLR and 1 year MCLR. However banks may publish MCLR base rates for more than five periods. The banks may revise the MCLR rate every month
  • Interest rate on each floating rate loan would be reset on based on the duration of the MCLR to which it is linked

What is Base Rate?

  • Base Rate is the lending rate calculated based on the total cost of funds of the banks and is the minimum interest rate at which a bank can lend except for loans to its own employees, its retired employees and against bank’s own deposits
  • All floating and fixed rate loans sanctioned by banks before 1st April, 2016 were priced using base rate as benchmark
  • If you check the MCLR and base rate of banks shown above, you will notice that MCLR rates are mostly 5 - 50 bps lower compared to base rate. The reason is that MCLR is based on cost of raising new funds and hence, any changes in repo rates results in changes in cost of borrowings of banks which gets transmitted to MCLR
  • Starting from April 2018, RBI has mandated that banks’ base rates be linked to MCLR rates. This is expected to benefit home loan and loan against property borrowers whose loans are linked to base rate. Any increase or decrease in MCLR rates will now automatically be applicable to pre 2016 loans that are benchmarked to base rate.

PLR

  • PLR (Prime Lending Rate) is the internal benchmark rate used for setting up the interest rate on floating rate loans sanctioned by Non Banking Financial Companies (NBFC) and Housing Finance Companies (HFC).
  • PLR rate is calculated based on average cost of funds.
  • NBFC and HFC generally price their loan at discount on their existing PLR.

Which loans are linked to MCLR rate?

Floating rate loans are linked to MCLR rate with effect from April 1st, 2016. Typically, home loan and loan against property schemes are floating rate loans and benchmarked to MCLR rates. Some banks offer fixed rate home loan and property loan under special schemes. Personal loan, business loan, car loan and gold loan are mostly fixed rate loans and are independent of MCLR rates.

Type of Loan Type of Rates Interest Rate
Home Loan
Floating – MCLR Linked 8.65%
Loan Against Property
Floating – MCLR Linked 8.80%
Personal Loan
Fixed Rate 10.75%
Business Loan
Fixed Rate 13.50%
Gold Loan
Fixed Rate 10.50%
Car Loan
Fixed Rate 9.25%

How does MCLR rate works?

Floating rate on your home loan is a function of two parameters; the reset frequency of the interest rate on your loan and spread on the benchmark. These two parameters together will determine the interest rate you will pay on your home loan, mortgage loan or business loan throughout the loan tenure:

  • Reset Frequency:The applicable MCLR rate will be the rate corresponding to the interest rate reset frequency of the loan. So, a home loan with a reset frequency of every one year will be priced with the 1 year MCLR as the benchmark and a home loan with a 3 month reset will be price with the 3 month MCLR as the benchmark
  • Spread:The next component is spread or the margin that you pay over the bank‘s MCLR for a particular loan type of the bank. The margin would be fixed at time of sanction and can be changed only if there is a significant change in customers’ credit profile. For instance, Bank A has 1 year MCLR of 9.1% and spread of 0.2 % for home loan. The interest rate that you will be charged in this case would be 9.3%.
  • When a bank changes its MCLR, interest rate on your floating rate home loan will change accordingly. Banks typically adjust the change in floating rates, by changing the loan tenure and by keeping the EMI constant.
  • For instance, if you have taken home loan rate at floating rate of 9% and after a year, your bank decides to lower down the MCLR by 50 bps. Hence, your home loan floating rate associated with MCLR rate will also come down to 50 bps at a rate of 8.50%. In most of the cases, the cut in home loan rate might not result in lower EMI, but your loan tenure will stand reduced.

What is the difference between MCLR and base rate?

Base rate of a bank is calculated based on the following factors -

  • Average cost of funds
  • Operating expenses
  • Minimum rate of return i.e. profit
  • Negative carry (loss in interest income) of keeping CRR/SLR

MCLR is calculated on the following factors-

  • Marginal or incremental cost of funds which includes cost of raising new borrowings/deposits and minimum rate of return(profit)
  • Negative carry on account of CRR
  • Operating costs
  • Calculated tenor wise based on cost of raising new funds for different tenors

Why MCLR loans are more transparent as compared base rate loans?

The above comparison shows that MCLR rate is more transparent and customer friendly as compared to base rate:

  • MCLR is calculated based on the cost of raising new funds and also allows to have differential rates based on the underlying tenure of new funds.
  • Cost of raising new funds for banks is closely linked to Repo Rate which makes MCLR rate more responsive to any changes in policy repo rates as compared to base rates.
  • Further, MCLR of banks is revised every month as compared to base rate which is revised every quarter which makes MCLR more dynamic as compared to base rate.
Our News - Feb 2019
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