7th Pay Commission

Last Updated 07th Jul 2020

7th CPC Overview

Government Departments Pay Scale Range
For Armed Forces
Army and Defence Rs. 15,600 – 67,000
BSF (Border Security Force) Rs. 15,600 – 1,00,100
Indian Navy Rs. 15,600 – 90,000
For Professors
Entry Pay (Level 10-15) Rs. 21,600 – 67,000
Assistant Professor Rs. 46,800 – 1,17,300
Associate Professor Rs. 1,00,000 – 2,00,000

7th Central Pay Commission

The salary structure of government employees is set up by the central government under the Pay Commission. At present 7th Pay Commission is in practice, which was implemented on 30th January 2018. In each decade government of India review the salary structure of government employees by setting up the Pay Commission, which recommends pay structure for military and civil government employees of India.

As per the 7th Pay Commission, pensioners got 23.63% raise in their income, while the current serving employees got 16% increase in their salary. However, the biggest rise was 63% (approx.) for allowances. It has been made after considering the demands of employees coming directly under the 7th Pay Commission.

As for the latest updates under the 7th Pay Commission, the Central government has hiked the Dearness Allowance by 3 percent. In addition, the Railway Ministry has also constituted a committee to include some new categories within Risk and Hardship Allowance. The retirement age of employees from the rank of Constable to Commandment is also to be increased from 57 years to 60 years.

Key Highlights of Seventh Pay Commission

a) Pay Structure: The new structure of pay recommended by the 7th Pay Commission includes all existing levels, and they haven’t introduced any new ones.

b) Minimum Pay: The minimum pay of government employees at the entry-level has been increased from Rs. 7,000 to Rs. 18,000 per month, whereas for new Class I Officer, the minimum salary is Rs. 56,100 per month.

c) Annual Increment: As per the Seventh Pay Commission, the annual pay hike of 3% has been retained.

d) Military Service Pay (MSP): MSP will be paid to all defense personnel irrespective of their ranks.

e) Maximum Pay: The maximum pay is increased to Rs. 2.25 lakhs per month for the Apex scale' and Rs. 2.5 lakhs for Cabinet Secretary and other categories of the same levels.

f) Factor: A factor of 2.57 is to be applied uniformly in the existing pay of all current employees for a new pay scale.

7th Pay Commission Latest News - Corona Update

  • 23 April 2020: The Central Government has delayed the increased dearness allowance disbursement to its employees and pensioners. Further it has decided to freeze the next two hikes as well as in wake of coronavirus pandemic. The revised rates will now be effective from 1st July 2021. The DA was hiked by 4% and was to be effective from 1st January 2020.
  • 31st March 2020: The Central Government has announced the extension of the deadline for submission of the Annual Performance Review Report (APAR) from 15th April 2020 to 30th June 2020. The decision has been taken to provide respite to the employees amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • 13th March 2020: The government has increased the dearness allowance by 4% for central government employees and pensioners from 1 January 2020. The move will raise the salaries of around 60 lakh government employees and pensioners.
  • 19th February 2020: Union government announced that those Central Government employees who were selected before 1st January 2004, but joined after the said date, now have the option to be covered under Central Civil Services (Pension) Rules 1972, instead of National Pension Scheme.
  • 17th February 2020: Odisha government has increased the DA of its employees by 5 percent. The government also cleared 10% arrears. After this increase, the DA of Odisha government employees is 14%.
  • 25th January 2020: Himachal Pradesh government announced a 5% increase in its Dearness Allowance for employees and pensioners.
  • 24th January 2020: Uttar Pradesh government announces Dearness Allowance for its Public Sector Undertaking and Corporation employees. As a result of this decision, the annual salary of Level-1 employees will increase by almost Rs. 26,000.

Grade Pay

Along with the basic pay, government employees receive grade pay, which depends on the class or category of the employee. As you move higher in the rank or class of the department, grade pay also tends to increase along with basic pay. The calculation of various allowances like DA is done based on the basic and grade pay. From the structure point of view, grade pay helps in maintaining a fixed pay structure within various departments of the government.

Central Government Employees pay scale as per 7th Pay CPC

7th Central Pay Commission For Army and Defence

The pay scale of defense personnel varies with respect to rank and experience. Besides, the pay scale of civil and defense personnel is completely different. Under the seventh pay commission, a new 15 scale pays structure has been introduced in place of the previous grade system. The pay scale for Army and Defence personnel are:

Rank Pay scale Grade pay Note
Lieutenant Rs. 15,600 - 39,100 Rs. 5,400 This amount is to be paid based on commission.
Major Rs. 15,600 - 39,100 Rs. 6,100 This will be applicable after completing 2 years.
Captain Rs. 15,600 - 39,100 Rs. 6,600 This will be applicable after completing 6 years.
LT Colonel Rs. 37,400 - 67,000 Rs. 8,000 This will be applicable after completing 13 years.
Colonel Rs. 37,400 - 67,000 Rs. 8,700 NA
Brigadier Rs. 37,400 - 67,000 Rs. 8,900 NA
Major General Rs. 37,400 - 67,000 Rs. 10,000 NA

7th Pay Commission Allowances for Army and Defence

Rank Note
Kit Maintenance Allowance Rs. 400/ month
Special Forces Allowance Rs. 9,000/ month
Modified feild area Allowance Rs. 1,600/ month
Technical Allowance Rs. 2,500
Dearness Allowance Usually 80% of Gross Pay
Siachen Allowance Rs. 11,200 - Rs. 14,000/ month
House Rent Allowance 10 - 30% of basic pay
Hard areas Allowance 25% of basic pay or Rs. 6,750/ month
High altitude climate Allowance Rs. 11,200 - Rs. 14,000/ month
Transport Allowance For A1 cities it’s Rs. 3,200 and for other cities it’s Rs. 1,600.
High Active Field Area Allowance Rs. 4,200 - Rs. 6,780/ month

7th CPC For Professors

The entry pay for each level of teachers is:

Level Academic Grade Pay (Rs.) Entry Pay (Rs.)
10 6,000 21,600
11 7,000 25,790
12 8,000 29,900
13A 9,000 49,200
14 10,000 53,000
15 - 67,000

Assistant Professors

As per the 7 pay commission, the pay scale of assistant professors is now between Rs. 46,800 to Rs. 1,17,300. The grade pay is Rs. 19,800. However, no change has been made for the entry - level pay of Rs. 25,530 per month. Also, the HRA for assistant professors has now been increased to 24%, 16%, and 8% depending upon the city. The eligibility for HRA is determined based on whether the employee’s DA has crossed 50% and 100%.

Associate Professor

As per the 7th pay commission, the pay scale of associate professors is between Rs. 1 lakh to Rs. 2 lakh, and the grade pay is Rs. 27,000 per month. Previously, the pay scale for associate professors was between Rs. 37,400 to Rs. 67,000 per month and the grade pay was Rs. 8,900 per month.

7th Pay For Indian Air Force

The pay scale of the Air force employees is based on the officer’s ranks, designation, branch, and area of posting.

Pay Structure Amount
Minimum Grade Pay Rs. 5,400
Pay Band Rs. 15,600
Kit Maintenance Rs. 500
Military Service Pay Rs. 6,000

Monthly salary based on rank for Air Force:

Rank Monthly Amount
Flying Officer Rs. 11,250
Air Commodore Rs. 13,125
Flight Lieutenant Rs. 13,750
Squadron Leader Rs. 17,500
Captain Rs. 17,500
Wing Commander Rs. 17,500

The list of revised allowances for Air Force employees are:

Allowance Amount
Flying Allowance (for officers in flying branch) Rs. 11,250
Travel Allowance Rs. 3,200 in metro and Rs. 1,600 for other cities
Dearness Allowance Rs. 21,600
Technical Allowance (for officers in technical branch) Rs. 2,500

7 Pay Commission For Border Security Force (BSF)

The pay scale of BSF personnels as per the 7th Pay Commission are as follows:

Post Pay scale
Constables / Assistant Constables / Assistant Sub-Inspector Pay Band 1 – Rs. 15,600 to Rs. 60,600/ month. Grade Pay – Rs. 5,400 to Rs. 8,400/ month.
Servicemen / Servicewomen / Sub Inspector / Major Pay Band 2 – Rs. 29,900 to Rs. 1,04,400/ month. Grade Pay – Rs. 12,600 to Rs. 16,200
From Assistant Commandant to Second in Command Pay Band 3 – Rs. 46,800 to Rs. 1,17,300/ month. Grade Pay – Rs. 19,800 to Rs. 22,800
From Commandment to rank of Special Director General Pay Band 4 – Rs. 1,00,100 to Rs. 1,12,200/ month. Grade Pay – Rs. 26,100 to Rs. 30,000

7th Pay Scale for Judges

Post Pay Scale Grade Pay Allowances
High Court Judge Rs. 26,000 to Rs. 80,000/ month. Rs. 12,000 to Rs. 20,000
  • Travel Allowance
  • Phone & water bills
  • Electricity bills
  • House Rent Allowance
  • Pension
  • Vehicle Facility
Supreme Court Judge Rs. 90,000 per month Up to Rs. 20,000/ month
  • Electricity bills
  • Phone and Water bills
  • Pension
  • Education allowance for children
  • Bungalow with personal security
  • House Rent Allowance
  • Bunglow with personal security force
District Fixed Rs. 28,000/ month No Grade Pay
  • Travel Allowance
  • Pension
  • House Rent Allowance
  • Partial Vehicle Maintenance

7th Commission Pay Scale of Judge

Post Pay Scale
Super Time Scale District Judge Rs. 24,000/ month
Senior District Judge Rs. 21,000/ month
Junior District Judge Rs. 12,000/ month
High Court Judge Rs. 80,000/ month
Supreme Court Judge Rs. 90,000/ month
Cheif Justice of High Court Rs. 90,000/ month
Cheif Justice of Supreme Court Rs. 1 lakh/ month

Seventh Cpc Pay Scale for Indian Navy

Indian Navy is the world’s fifth - largest navy force. Its pay scale starts from Rs. 15,600/ month, as per the 7th Pay Commission. The monthly and grade pay differ based on the post held by an employee in the Navy.

Post Pay Scale
Sub Lieutenant Rs. 15,600 to Rs. 39,100/ month
Lieutenant Rs. 15,600 to Rs. 39,100/ month
Lieutenant Commander Rs. 15,600 to Rs. 39,100/ month
Commander Rs. 37,400 to Rs. 67,000/ month
Captain Rs. 37,400 to Rs. 67,000/ month
Commodore Rs. 37,400 to Rs. 67,000/ month
Rear Admiral Rs. 37,400 to Rs. 67,000/ month
Vice Admiral Rs. 67,000 to Rs. 80,000/ month
Admiral Fixed Rs. 90,000/ month

Seventh Commission Pay Scale for Paramilitary Forces

Apart from helping the armed forces at the border, paramilitary forces also offer security in urban areas. There are 7 paramilitary forces in India, namely ITBP, BSF, CRPF, NSG, SSB, and Assam Rifles. The current pay scale is as follows:

Post Pay Scale Grade Pay
Sub Inspector Rs. 9,300 to Rs. 34,800/ month Rs. 4,200/ month
Inspector Rs. 9,300 to Rs. 34,800/ month Rs. 4,600/ month
Subedar Major Rs. 9,300 to Rs. 34,800/ month Rs. 4,800/ month
Assistant Commandment Rs. 15,600 to Rs. 39,100/ month Rs. 5,400/ month
Deputy Commandment Rs. 15,600 to Rs. 39,100/ month Rs. 6,600/ month
Commandment Rs. 37,400 to Rs. 67,000/ month Rs. 8,700/ month
Deputy Inspector General Rs. 37,400 to Rs. 67,000/ month Rs. 8,900/ month
Inspector General Rs. 37,400 to Rs. 67,000/ month Rs. 10,000/ month
Assistant Director General Rs. 67,000 to Rs. 79,000/ month NA
Constable Rs. 5,200 to Rs. 20,200/ month Rs. 2,000/ month
Head Constable Rs. 5,200 to Rs. 20,200/ month Rs. 2,400/ month
Assistant Sub Inspector Rs. 5,200 to Rs. 20,200/ month Rs. 2,800/ month
Director General Fixed Rs. 80,000/ month NA

7th Commission Pay Scale for CRPF

With 15 ranks in the department, CRPF is the country’s largest police force under the central police forces. Its pay scale is as follows:

Post Pay Scale Grade Pay
Constable Up to Rs. 60,600/ month Rs. 7,200/ month
Head Constable Rs. 15,600 to Rs. 60,600/ month Rs. 9,400/ month
Assistant Sub - Inspector Up to Rs. 60,600/ month Rs. 10,400/ month
Sub - Inspector Rs. 27,900 to Rs. 1,04,400/ month Rs. 12,600/ month
Inspector Rs. 27,900 to Rs. 1,04,400/ month Rs. 13,800/ month
Subedar Major Up to Rs. 1,04,400/ month Rs. 14,400/ month
Assistant Commandant Rs. 46,800 to Rs. 1,17,300/ month Rs. 16,200/ month
Deputy Commandant Rs. 46,800 to Rs. 1,17,300/ month Rs. 19,800/ month
Second-in - Commandant Rs. 1,17,300/ month Rs. 22,800/ month
Commandant Up to Rs. 2,01,100/ month Rs. 26,100/ month
DIG Up to Rs. 2,01,100/ month Rs. 30,000/ month
IG Rs. 1,12,000 to Rs. 2,01,000/ month Rs. 35,000/ month
ADG Up to Rs. 2,25,000/ month NA
SDG Rs. 2,25,000 to Rs. 2,30,000/ month NA
DG Rs. 2,50,000/ month NA

Seventh Commission Pay Scale for IAS Officers

The pay scale and grade pay of IAS officers have also increased in the 7th Pay Commission. From the start of 2017 IAS officer’s pay scale is Rs. 29,900 to Rs. 1,04,400 per month. In addition, the grade pay is Rs. 16,200 per month, which was increased from Rs. 5,400 per month.

Along with pay, there are some allowances and perks for IAS officers as well;

  • 2 to 4 years study leave
  • DA
  • Travel Allowance
  • HRA
  • EPF
  • Accomodation
  • Government vehicle with red siren
  • Water bills
  • Abroad education
  • Phone and electricity bills
  • Office vehicles.

Seventh Commission Pay Scale for Central Government Teachers

As per the 7th pay commission, the pay scale of central government teachers witnessed a considerable hike. The basic salary for graduate teachers of primary and high school teachers is Rs. 29,900 to Rs. 1,04,400 per month, along with grade pay of Rs. 13,800. For retired central government teachers, there is a 24% hike in the pension amount.

Post Pay Scale
Trained Graduate Teachers Rs. 29,900 to Rs. 1,04,400/ month with Grade pay of Rs. 13,800/ month
Post Graduate Teachers Rs. 29,900 to Rs. 1,04,400/ month with Grade pay of Rs. 14,400/ month
JBT Teachers Rs. 29,900 to Rs. 1,04,400 with Grade pay of Rs. 12,600/ month

In the 7 Pay Commission, many government official’s pay scale and grade pay have been increased significantly as compared to the 6th Pay Commission. Along with regular pay, allowances like DA, HRA and Travel Allowance has also been increased, keeping in mind the increasing cost of living.

7th Pay Commission – House Building Advance

In November 2017, the Central government accepted and implemented the Seventh pay commission’s recommendation regarding the House Building Advance. The rate of interest on HBA is 8.5% (simple interest) for an amount up to Rs. 25 lakhs. Some of the important new provisions are:

  • The amount provided under HBA revised to a maximum of 34 month’s pay.
  • The maximum limit of the cost of house which an employee can purchase or construct is now Rs. 1 crore with a provision of increasing the limit by upto 25% for deserving candidates.
  • The provision to add a higher rate of interest above the stipulated rate is withdrawn.
  • The repayment of HBA will be made as – for the first 15 years, the principal amount and for the next 5 years interest amount.
  • To boost the housing sector, attractive packages are on offer as HBA is used as a tool to encourage employees to purchase a house.

8th Pay Commission

The announcement of the 8th pay commission is far from today. This is because the seventh pay commission has been announced not so long ago. In addition, if you look into the gap between each pay commission, you will observe a minimum gap of around 10 years. Thus, going by this understanding 8th pay commission is not expected to be announced before 2027. However, during the tenure, both state and central government can make the necessary changes required within the 7th pay scale as per their discretion.

FAQs Related to 7th CPC

What are the benefits one can enjoy under the 7th Pay Commission?

The introduction of 7th Pay Commission has benefited a large number of government employees and pensioners. Many central government employees have got their salary doubled or have received at least more than 20% of the hike. The exact amount of benefits varies between each department.

What are the new basic salary parameters for entry - level personnel?

As per the 7th Pay Commission, the entry - level personnel will get Rs. 18,000 as compared to the earlier benefit of Rs. 7,000. Besides, there is a rise in House Rent Allowance (HRA) of 27%, 18%, and 9% at various departments along with 50% increase in Dearness Allowance.

What is the 7th Pay Commission’s new Fitment factor?

As per the 7th Pay Commission, a 3% increment annually is suggested for salaried employees.

What is the Pay Matrix?

The Pay Matrix constitutes two dimensions horizontal range and vertical range. In the horizontal range, each level is comprised of ‘functional role in the hierarchy,’ which has been numbered from 1 to 18. Whereas, in the vertical range, each level is denoting the pay hike within that level or position.

What will be the maximum wages of Government employees?

As per the 7th Pay Commission, the salary of apex scale personnel has been increased to Rs. 2.25 lakh per month. Whereas, for cabinet officers, the maximum salary is Rs. 2.5 lakh.

What are the pay matrices for personnel of the Defence and Army?

As per the 7th Pay Commission, the pay structure of Defence and Army has been revamped. As per the new pay matrices, the minimum amount payable is Rs. 21,700, whereas the maximum amount is Rs. 2.5 lakh.


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