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7th Pay Commission

7th Pay Matrix

Last Updated 22nd May 2022

Government Departments Pay Scale Range
For Armed Forces
Army and Defence ₹ 56,000 – ₹ 2,50,000
BSF (Border Security Force) ₹ 18,000 – ₹ 1,05,000
Indian Navy ₹ 56,100 – ₹ 2,24,400
For Professors
Entry Pay (Level 10-15) ₹ 21,600 – ₹ 67,000
Assistant Professor ₹ 57,700 – ₹ 79,800
Associate Professor ₹ 1,31,400 – ₹ 1,44,200

7th Central Pay Commission

The salary structure of government employees is set up by the central government under the Pay Commission. At present 7th Pay Commission is in practice, which was implemented on 30th January 2018. In each decade government of India review the salary structure of government employees by setting up the Pay Commission, which recommends pay structure for military and civil government employees of India.

As per the 7th Pay Commission, pensioners got 23.63% raise in their income, while the current serving employees got 16% increase in their salary. However, the biggest rise was 63% (approx.) for allowances. It has been made after considering the demands of employees coming directly under the 7th Pay Commission.

As for the latest updates under the 7th Pay Commission, the Central government has hiked the Dearness Allowance by 3 percent. In addition, the Railway Ministry has also constituted a committee to include some new categories within Risk and Hardship Allowance. The retirement age of employees from the rank of Constable to Commandment is also to be increased from 57 years to 60 years.

7th Pay Commission Latest News, Seventh Pay Commission News Today

  • 5th August 2020: Central Government employees are likely to get the dearness allowance for the January-June 2020 period with effect from July 2021. In order to generate and save funds to fight the Covid crisis, the DA for this period was freezed up to July 2021. However keeping in view the hike in AICPIN , it is assumed that the compounded DA for this period will be offered with the monthly salaries with effect from July 2021.
  • 7th July 2020: The Government of Haryana has issued an order for freezing Dearness Allowance and Dearness Relief for state government employees and pensioners respectively at current rates till July 2021 due to the pandemic and economic woes. Employees will, however, continue to get DA at the current rates.
  • 25th June 2020: Central Government Employees can now claim travelling allowance without submitting a boarding pass. According to the new rules announced by the Central Government, self-declaration along with travelling allowance claim would be sufficient for the proof of travelling.
  • 23rd June 2020: The state government of Telangana decided to dispatch full salary to the employees without any deduction. This is happening after a gap of two months as employees were getting their salary after deduction because of the corona crisis. Telangana on Tuesday announced that salaries for June will be paid without any cut.
  • 11th June 2020: The state government of Uttarakhand government announced that there will be no increment for state government employees. The move was taken to offset the losses caused by the lockdown and the battle against COVID-19.

Key Highlights of Seventh Pay Commission

  • Pay Structure:The new structure of pay recommended by the 7th Pay Commission includes all existing levels, and they haven’t introduced any new ones.
  • Minimum Pay:The minimum pay of government employees at the entry-level has been increased from ₹ 7,000 to ₹ 18,000 per month, whereas for new Class I Officer, the minimum salary is ₹ 56,100 per month.
  • Annual Increment:As per the Seventh Pay Commission, the annual pay hike of 3% has been retained.
  • Military Service Pay (MSP):MSP will be paid to all defense personnel irrespective of their ranks.
  • Maximum Pay:The maximum pay is increased to ₹ 2.25 Cr per month for the Apex scale' and ₹ 25 Lakh for Cabinet Secretary and other categories of the same levels.
  • Factor:A factor of 2.57 is to be applied uniformly in the existing pay of all current employees for a new pay scale.

Grade Pay

Along with the basic pay, government employees receive grade pay, which depends on the class or category of the employee. As you move higher in the rank or class of the department, grade pay also tends to increase along with basic pay. The calculation of various allowances like DA is done based on the basic and grade pay. From the structure point of view, grade pay helps in maintaining a fixed pay structure within various departments of the government.

Central Government Employees pay scale as per 7th Pay CPC

7th Central Pay Commission For Army and Defence

The pay scale of defense personnel varies with respect to rank and experience. Besides, the pay scale of civil and defense personnel is completely different. Under the seventh pay commission, a new 15 scale pays structure has been introduced in place of the previous grade system. The pay scale for Army and Defence personnel are:

Rank Pay scale Grade pay Note
Lieutenant ₹ 56,100 - ₹ 1,77,500 ₹ 5,400 This amount is to be paid based on commission.
Major ₹ 69,400 - ₹ 2,07,200 ₹ 6,100 This will be applicable after completing 6 years.
Captain ₹ 61,300 - ₹ 1,93,900 ₹ 6,600 This will be applicable after completing 2 years.
LT Colonel ₹ 1,21,200 - ₹ 2,12,400 ₹ 8,000 This will be applicable after completing 13 years.
Colonel ₹ 1,30,600 - ₹ 2,15,900 ₹ 8,700 This will be applicable after completing 13 years.
Brigadier ₹ 1,39,600 - ₹ 2,17,600 ₹ 8,900 NA
Major General ₹ 1,44,200 - ₹ 2,18,200 ₹ 10,000 NA

7th Pay Commission Allowances for Army and Defence

Rank Note
Kit Maintenance Allowance ₹ 20,000 annually
Special Forces Allowance ₹ 9,000 per month
Modified field area Allowance ₹ 2,300 per month
Technical Allowance ₹ 2,500
Dearness Allowance Usually 80% of Gross Pay
Siachen Allowance ₹ 42,500 per month
House Rent Allowance 10 - 30% of basic pay
Hard areas Allowance 25% of basic pay or ₹ 6,750/ month
High altitude climate Allowance ₹ 3,400 - ₹ 25,000 per month
Transport Allowance For higher TPTA city: ₹ 7,200 + DA per month
Other cities: ₹ 3,600 + DA per month
High Active Field Area Allowance ₹ 16,900 per month

7th CPC For Professors

The entry pay for each level of teachers is:

Level Academic Grade Pay (₹) Entry Pay (₹)
10 6,000 21,600
11 7,000 25,790
12 8,000 29,900
13A 9,000 49,200
14 10,000 53,000
15 - 67,000

Assistant Professors

As per the seventh pay commission, the pay scale of assistant professors is now between ₹ 57,700 to ₹ 79,800. The grade pay is ₹ 19,800. However, no change has been made for the entry - level pay of ₹ 25,530 per month. Also, the HRA for assistant professors has now been increased to 24%, 16%, and 8% depending upon the city. The eligibility for HRA is determined based on whether the employee’s DA has crossed 50% and 100%.

Associate Professors

As per the 7th pay commission, the pay scale of associate professors is between ₹ 1,31,400 – ₹ 1,44,200 and the grade pay is ₹ 27,000 per month. Previously, the pay scale for associate professors was between ₹ 37,400 to ₹ 67,000 per month and the grade pay was ₹ 8,900 per month.

7th Pay For Indian Air Force

The pay scale of the Air force employees is based on the officer’s ranks, designation, branch, and area of posting.

Pay Structure Amount
Minimum Grade Pay ₹ 5,400
Pay Band ₹ 15,600
Kit Maintenance ₹ 20,000 per year
Military Service Pay ₹ 15,500 per month

Pay scale based on rank for Air Force:

Rank Monthly Amount
Flying Officer ₹ 56,100 - ₹ 1,77,500
Air Commodore ₹ 1,39,600 - ₹ 2,17,600
Flight Lieutenant ₹ 61,300 - ₹ 1,93,900
Squadron Leader ₹ 69,400 - ₹ 2,07,200
Captain ₹ 1,30,600 - ₹ 2,15,900
Wing Commander ₹ 1,21,200 - ₹ 2,12,400

The list of revised allowances for Air Force employees are:

Allowance Amount
Flying Allowance (for officers in flying branch) ₹ 25,000 per month
Travel Allowance For higher TPTA city: ₹ 7,200 + DA per month
Other cities: ₹ 3,600 + DA per month
Dearness Allowance As applicable to civilian personnels from time to time
Technical Allowance (for officers in technical branch) ₹ 2,500

7 Pay Commission For Border Security Force (BSF)

The pay scale of BSF personnels as per the 7th Pay Commission are as follows:

Post Payment Band Grade Pay
Spl Director General PB-4 ( ₹ 37,400 - ₹ 67,000) ₹ 12,000
Inspector General PB-4 ( ₹ 37,400 - ₹ 67,000) ₹ 10,000
Commandant PB-4 ( ₹ 37,400 - ₹ 67,000) ₹ 8,700
Assistant Commandant PB-3 ( ₹ 15,600 - ₹ 39,100) ₹ 5,400
Inspector PB-2 ( ₹ 9,300 - ₹ 34,800) ₹ 4,600
Head Constable PB-1 ( ₹ 5,200 - ₹ 20,200) ₹ 2,400

7th Pay Scale for Judges

Post Pay Scale Grade Pay Allowances
High Court Judge ₹ 26 to ₹ 80/ month. ₹ 12 to ₹ 20
  • Travel Allowance
  • Phone & water bills
  • Electricity bills
  • House Rent Allowance
  • Pension
  • Vehicle Facility
Supreme Court Judge ₹ 90 per month Up to ₹ 20/ month
  • Electricity bills
  • Phone and Water bills
  • Pension
  • Education allowance for children
  • Bungalow with personal security
  • House Rent Allowance
  • Bunglow with personal security force
District Fixed ₹ 28/ month No Grade Pay
  • Travel Allowance
  • Pension
  • House Rent Allowance
  • Partial Vehicle Maintenance

7th Commission Pay Scale of Judge

Post Pay Scale
Super Time Scale District Judge ₹ 24,000/ month
Senior District Judge ₹ 21,000/ month
Junior District Judge ₹ 12,000/ month
High Court Judge ₹ 80,000/ month
Supreme Court Judge ₹ 90,000/ month
Chief Justice of High Court ₹ 90,000/ month
Chief Justice of Supreme Court ₹ 1,00,000/ month

Seventh Cpc Pay Scale for Indian Navy

Indian Navy is the world’s fifth - largest navy force. Its pay scale starts from ₹ 15,600/ month, as per the 7th Pay Commission. The monthly and grade pay differ based on the post held by an employee in the Navy.

Post Pay Scale
Sub Lieutenant ₹ 56,100 to ₹ 1,77,500/ month
Lieutenant ₹ 61,300 to ₹ 1,93,900/ month
Lieutenant Commander ₹ 69,400 to ₹ 2,07,200/ month
Commander ₹ 1,21,200 to ₹ 2,12,400/ month
Captain ₹ 1,30,600 to ₹ 2,15,900/ month
Commodore ₹ 1,39,600 to ₹ 2,17,600/ month
Rear Admiral ₹ 1,44,200 to ₹ 2,18,200/ month
Vice Admiral ₹ 1,82,200 to ₹ 2,24,100/ month
Vice Admiral and equivalent Fixed ₹ 2,05,400 to ₹ 2,24,400/ month

Seventh Commission Pay Scale for Paramilitary Forces

Apart from helping the armed forces at the border, paramilitary forces also offer security in urban areas. There are 7 paramilitary forces in India, namely ITBP, BSF, CRPF, NSG, SSB, and Assam Rifles. The current pay scale is as follows:

Post Pay Scale Grade Pay
Sub Inspector ₹ 35,000 ₹ 4,200
Inspector ₹ 40,000 ₹ 4,600
Subedar Major ₹ 45,000 ₹ 4,800
Assistant Commandment ₹ 52,000 ₹ 5,400
Deputy Commandment ₹ 65,000 ₹ 6,600
Commandment ₹ 82,000 ₹ 8,700
Deputy Inspector General ₹ 85,000 ₹ 8,900
Inspector General ₹ 95,000 ₹ 10,000
Assistant Director General ₹ 1,05,000 ₹ 12,000
Constable ₹ 23,000 ₹ 2,000
Head Constable ₹ 27,000 ₹ 2,400
Assistant Sub Inspector ₹ 31,000 ₹ 2,800
Director General Fixed ₹ 80,000 NA

7th Commission Pay Scale for CRPF

With 15 ranks in the department, CRPF is the country’s largest police force under the central police forces. Its pay scale is as follows:

Post Pay Scale Grade Pay
Constable Up to ₹ 60,600/ month ₹ 7,200/ month
Head Constable ₹ 15,600 to ₹ 60,600/ month ₹ 9,400/ month
Assistant Sub - Inspector Up to ₹ 60,600/ month ₹ 10,400/ month
Sub - Inspector ₹ 27,900 to ₹ 1,04,400/ month ₹ 12,600/ month
Inspector ₹ 27,900 to ₹ 1,04,400/ month ₹ 13,800/ month
Subedar Major Up to ₹ 1,04,400/ month ₹ 14,400/ month
Assistant Commandant ₹ 46,800 to ₹ 1,17,300/ month ₹ 16,200/ month
Deputy Commandant ₹ 46,800 to ₹ 1,17,300/ month ₹ 19,800/ month
Second-in - Commandant ₹ 1,17,300/ month ₹ 22,800/ month
Commandant Up to ₹ 2,01,100/ month ₹ 26,100/ month
DIG Up to ₹ 2,01,100/ month ₹ 30,000/ month
IG ₹ 1,12,000 to ₹ 2,01,000/ month ₹ 35,000/ month
ADG Up to ₹ 2,25,000/ month NA
SDG ₹ 2,25,000 to ₹ 2,30,000/ month NA
DG ₹ 2,50,000/ month NA

Seventh Commission Pay Scale for IAS Officers

The pay scale and grade pay of IAS officers have also increased in the 7th Pay Commission. From the start of 2017 IAS officer’s pay scale is ₹ 29,900 to ₹ 1,04,400 per month. In addition, the grade pay is ₹ 16,200 per month, which was increased from ₹ 5,400 per month.

Along with pay, there are some allowances and perks for IAS officers as well;

  • 2 to 4 years study leave
  • DA
  • Travel Allowance
  • HRA
  • EPF
  • Accomodation
  • Government vehicle with red siren
  • Water bills
  • Abroad education
  • Phone and electricity bills
  • Office vehicles.

Seventh Commission Pay Scale for Central Government Teachers

As per the 7th pay commission, the pay scale of central government teachers witnessed a considerable hike. The basic salary for graduate teachers of primary and high school teachers is ₹ 29,900 to ₹ 1,00,000 per month, along with grade pay of ₹ 13,800. For retired central government teachers, there is a 24% hike in the pension amount.

Post Pay Scale
Trained Graduate Teachers ₹ 29,900 to ₹ 1,00,000/ month with Grade pay of ₹ 13,000/ month
Post Graduate Teachers ₹ 29,900 to ₹ 1,00,000/ month with Grade pay of ₹ 14,000/ month
JBT Teachers ₹ 29,900 to ₹ 1,00,000 with Grade pay of ₹ 12,600/ month

In the 7th Pay Commission, many government official’s pay scale and grade pay have been increased significantly as compared to the 6th Pay Commission. Along with regular pay, allowances like DA, HRA and Travel Allowance have also been increased, keeping in mind the increasing cost of living.

7th Pay Commission – House Building Advance

In November 2017, the Central government accepted and implemented the Seventh pay commission’s recommendation regarding the House Building Advance. The rate of interest on HBA is 8.5% (simple interest) for an amount up to ₹ 25,00,000. Some of the important new provisions are:

  • The amount provided under HBA revised to a maximum of 34 month’s pay.
  • The maximum limit of the cost of house which an employee can purchase or construct is now ₹ 1 Cr crore with a provision of increasing the limit by upto 25% for deserving candidates.
  • The provision to add a higher rate of interest above the stipulated rate is withdrawn.
  • The repayment of HBA will be made as – for the first 15 years, the principal amount and for the next 5 years interest amount.
  • To boost the housing sector, attractive packages are on offer as HBA is used as a tool to encourage employees to purchase a house.

8th Pay Commission

The announcement of the 8th pay commission is far from today. This is because the seventh pay commission has been announced not so long ago. In addition, if you look into the gap between each pay commission, you will observe a minimum gap of around 10 years.Thus, going by this understanding, the 8th pay commission is not expected to be announced before 2027. However, during the tenure, both state and central government can make the necessary changes required within the 7th pay scale as per their discretion.


What are the benefits one can enjoy under the 7th Pay Commission?

The introduction of the 7th Pay Commission has benefited a large number of government employees and pensioners. Many central government employees have got their salary doubled or have received at least more than 20% of the hike. The exact amount of benefits varies between each department.

What are the new basic salary parameters for entry - level personnel?

As per the 7th Pay Commission, the entry - level personnel will get ₹ 18,000 as compared to the earlier benefit of ₹ 7,000. Besides, there is a rise in House Rent Allowance (HRA) of 24%, 16%, and 8% at various departments along with a 50% increase in Dearness Allowance.

What is the 7th Pay Commission’s new Fitment factor?

As per the 7th Pay Commission, a 3% increment annually is suggested for salaried employees.

What is the Pay Matrix?

The Pay Matrix constitutes two dimensions: horizontal range and vertical range. In the horizontal range, each level consists of ‘functional role in the hierarchy,’ which has been numbered from 1 to 18. Whereas, in the vertical range, each level is denoting the pay hike within that level or position.

What will be the maximum wages of Government employees?

As per the 7th Pay Commission, the salary of apex scale personnel has been increased to ₹ 2.50 Lakh per month. Whereas, for cabinet officers, the maximum salary is ₹ 2.25 Lakh.

What are the pay matrices for personnel of the Defence and Army?

As per the 7th Pay Commission, the pay structure of Defence and Army has been revamped. As per the new pay matrices, the minimum amount payable is ₹ 56,100, whereas the maximum amount is ₹ 2.50 Lakh.

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Our News - May 2022
  • 2022-04-06 : Karnataka Hikes Dearness Allowance (DA) for State Government Employees
    The Karnataka Government hiked the Dearness Allowance (DA) for its employees in the revised 2018 pay scales under the 7th pay commission. From the existing 24.50%, it has now been increased to 27.25%. The hike is also applicable for pensioners.
  • 2022-03-30 : Government Employees to Get Higher Salary from April 1
    The Madhya Pradesh Government has hiked the Dearness Allowance (DA hike) from 20 per cent to 31 per cent amid the rising inflation.
  • 2021-11-25 : 7th Pay Commission Update: Government may Hike Dearness Allowance This New Year
    Govt may increase Dearness Allowance by 3% in January 2022. As a result, the total DA percentage will hike from 31 per cent to 34 per cent.
  • 2021-10-22 : Government Approves Hike in Dearness Allowance
    The government has approved the hike in dearness allowance for central government employees and pensioners by 3%. The DA, applicable for July 1, 2021, will go from 28% to 31%.
  • 2021-07-12 : 7th Pay Commission: Central govt. Employees salary to increase after DA hike
    According to the latest reports the DA for January 2021 and July 2021 will be announced in September and the dearness allowance is likely to increase from 17% to 31%. This increase in Dearness Allowance (DA) and Dearness Relief (DR) is being awaited by lakhs of .central government employees and pensioners.
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